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SELWYN JOHNSTON

 

INDEPENDENT 

COMMUNITY REPRESENTATIVES'

ADVOCATE

(Cairns... Far North Queensland)

 

 

Thank you for visiting my on-line office. 

I appreciate your interest in the issues that effect not only Queenslanders, but all Australians. 

Please let me hear from you about your views on the issues that matter to your Family, your Community and your State.  

Sincerely,

Selwyn Johnston

 

One person, with the support of the community, can make a difference

 

 

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INFORMATION on ISSUES

Queensland Independent

 

      PAGE INDEX

Australia's Constitution

Foreign Ownership

Next Federal Election

Election Timetable

Earliest Date

Latest Date

What is a Double Dissolution?

Senate - Counting the votes

 

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The Australian Constitution

The Australian Constitution belongs to the people - not to governments, and certainly not to political parties. While the Crown heads all of our great institutions of state, no politician can usurp power. The Crown is the ultimate guarantee of all our freedoms. We are already an independent sovereign Nation, both legally and constitutionally.

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Are you prepared to take the risk and accept the consequences of an ill-defined and ill-conceived republic?

Don't you believe the government should be more concerned with Unemployment, Health, Education, Aged Care, Tax Reform, Tariff Protection, Judiciary Powers, Citizens Initiated Referenda, Immigration and Foreign Ownership, just to name a few?

Conclusion - In the final analyse, it will be by a majority of the Australian People that decides the outcome, at the ballot box. (... see Section 128 of the Australian Constitution) This decision must not be taken lightly, as it will determine Australia's future.

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download.gif (28196 bytes)    The Australian Constitution

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Foreign Ownership

The reality of foreign ownership by multi-national companies operating in Australia paying little or no tax, is one of the inevitable results of the foreign take-over of Australian companies.

It ought to determine the approach that is taken by Australian officials in the negotiations on the Multilateral Agreement on Investment. This is part of the same structures as the:

General Agreement on Trade in Services

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

World Trade Organisation

Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation Forum

and the rest of the lame duck policies in Australia's foreign trade stable, into which we have been dragged by our Governments determination to go along with the International Monetary Fund.

The Multilateral Agreement on Investment proposes that every member of the World Trade Organisation (which includes Australia) must accord to foreign companies full rights to establish themselves in all sectors of the economy of that Country. Additionally, the so-called host country, "Australia", is required to adjust its domestic laws - and, if necessary, to repeal any existing laws and policies - that may favour local industries at the expense of the foreign companies. This means that any significant local company in Australia will have an axe over its head.

Since the Australian Taxation Office has admitted that it cannot effectively collect taxes from multinationals, (see Tax Reforms) the Australian companies that will be taken over by them will effectively be, free from tax.

The Federal Government must be "out of its mind" to even consider such advantages to multinational companies over Australian companies.

There must be immediate audit of the Foreign Investment Review Board for allowing an alleged 90% of Corporate Australia being foreign owned. A full review of The Foreign Acquisitions and Takeovers Act - 1975 is imperative to eliminate current areas subject to abuse and which are contrary to the national interest.

Australia's wealth MUST be re-invested in Australia.


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AUSTRALIA

FEDERAL ELECTION DATE

The 2007 federal election has been announced for Saturday 24 November 2007.

If you’re not on the electoral roll and you’re entitled to enrol, you must fill in an enrolment form immediately and return it to an AEC office by 8pm, Wednesday 17 October.

If you’re already on the roll but still need to update your address details, to ensure your vote you must complete an enrolment form and return it to an AEC office by 8pm Tuesday 23 October.

Enrolment forms can be downloaded from the AEC website at http://www.aec.gov.au and are available at any Australia Post outlet or AEC office and now also at any Medicare, Centrelink and ATO office and selected Rural Transaction Centres.

You can check your enrolment online at http://www.aec.gov.au or by telephoning 13 23 26.

The key dates of the 2007 federal election are: 

 

* Announcement of election:  Sunday 14 October 2007
* Issue of writ:  Wednesday 17 October 2007
* Deadline for new enrolment*: 8pm, Wednesday 17 October 2007
* Close of rolls for updating address*: 8pm, Tuesday 23 October 2007
* Close of bulk nominations: 12noon, Tuesday 30 October 2007
* Close of nominations: 12noon, Thursday 1 November 2007
* Declaration of nominations: 12noon, Friday 2 November 2007
* Election day: 8am to 6pm, Saturday 24 November 2007

For more information on the 2007 federal election, visit http://www.aec.gov.au 

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ELECTION TIMETABLE

A number of essential steps are involved in holding a general election or by-election. These steps begin with the issue of the writs and end with the return of the writs after the votes have been counted.

Election timetable according to the Constitution and Commonwealth Electoral Act.

Click here for details: ELECTION TIMETABLE

 

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Latest possible dates for the next
Federal Election

The latest time by which a combined House of Representatives and half-Senate election must be held is Saturday 19 January 2008.

The latest date on which a separate House of Representatives election can be held is Saturday 19 January 2008.

Although the latest date for a Senate election is not set, section 13 of the Constitution requires that the election to fill vacant places shall be held within one year before the places are to become vacant.

The last election was held on 19 October 2004 and the proceeding one on 10 November 2001. Senators elected at the 10 November 2001 election end their term on 30 June 2008. Therefore the next half Senate election must be held between 1 July 2007 and 30 June 2008.

The latest date for the House of Representatives election is calculated as follows:

3 years from the first sitting day of the current Parliament - (Constitution s.28) (11 February 2005)

+ 10 days maximum to the issue of writs (Constitution s.32) (21 February 2005)

+ 28 days maximum to the close of nominations (CEA s.156 (1)) (21 March 2005)

+ 30 days maximum to polling day (CEA s.157) (20 April 2005) Polling day must be a Saturday, therefore 16 April 2005 is the last possible day.

See: Election Timetable

 

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Earliest possible dates for the next
Federal Election

In accordance with section 28 of the Constitution, the Governor General may dissolve the House of Representatives at any time within the three years from its first meeting. The Governor General may also dissolve the Senate in circumstances allowed for in section 57 of the Constitution.

However, it is usual for the House of Representatives and half Senate elections to be held at the same time.

Given that a half Senate election cannot be held before 1 July 2007, the earliest possible date for a combined House of Representatives and half Senate election would be 4 August 2007 (1st Saturday after the 33 day minimum period from 1 July 2007). (1st Saturday after the 33 day minimum period from 1 July 2007).

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Counting the votes for the Senate

The Senate count is more complicated than for the House of Representatives, as there are 6 Senators (Queensland) elected at a half-election, and 12 Senators (Queensland) elected as a result of a double dissolution.

To be elected to the Senate, a candidate needs to gain a quota of the total formal votes. The quota is calculated by dividing the total number of formal ballot papers by one more than the number of Senators to be elected, and adding '1' to the result (ignoring the remainder).

Total formal votes

_________________ + 1 = Quota required

Number of Senators + 1

Counting the first preference votes is done the same way as for the House of Representatives election: the papers are sorted according to which candidate has received the number '1' preference on each ballot paper. Candidates who receive a quota, or more, of these first preferences are elected immediately.

Any surplus votes these elected candidates receive (i.e. votes in excess of the quota required) are transferred to the candidates who were the second choice of voters. However, they are transferred at a reduced value. Because it is not possible to determine which votes actually elected the candidate and which votes are surplus, all the elected candidates ballot papers are transferred at the reduced rate.

The reduced value of surplus votes is determined by dividing the surplus by the total number of votes the elected candidate received.

Candidate's surplus votes

___________________ = Reduced value of each surplus vote

Candidate's total votes

As a result of this process of transferring surplus votes, other candidates may be elected. If, however, all surplus votes from elected candidates are transferred and there are still some unfilled positions, further counting is undertaken.

Starting with the lowest scoring candidate, unelected candidates are excluded from the count and their ballot papers are distributed to the remaining candidates to whom the voters have given their preferences. When a candidate gains a quota following the distribution, he or she is elected. The above process continues until all Senate positions are filled.

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SELWYN JOHNSTON

INDEPENDENT 

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Written and Authorised by Selwyn Johnston, Cairns FNQ 4870 Australia